JS Bach - Suite in B minor BWV 1067
Arranged for flute ensemble by Carla Rees
Bach’s B minor suite is perhaps one of the best known of Bach’s flute works, as a result of the closing Badinerie becoming a popular encore piece, and even a mobile phone ring tone.
The Suite is Bach’s second orchestral suite was originally thought to have been written between 1717 and 1723 (known as the Cöthen period), along with the majority of his chamber works. However, recent research suggests it was in fact more likely to have been written for the Collegium Musicum in Leipzig, for whom Bach was music director from 1729 to the early 1740s. The second suite is now thought to have been written in 1738-39, making it Bach’s last orchestral work.
Scored originally for strings, continuo and solo flute, the piece has seven movements, each based on a French dance:
Overture – written in a French overture style with a slow opening featuring dotted rhythms (usually performed as double dotted), followed by a flowing, fast section using imitative textures.
Rondeau – this movement alternates between a main theme (refrain) and new material in measured phrases. Here the phrasing begins in the centre of the bar, resembling a gavotte.
Sarabande – this is a slow dance with three beats in the bar, traditionally often played with an emphasis on the second beat of the bar. Here the outer parts are heard in a strict canon.
Bourrée I & II – a Bourrée is a fast dance in 2, and here Bach writes two which are played in succession, before the first is repeated again at the end. It is usual not to play the repeats in the da capo of the first Bourrée.
Polonaise and Double – the Polonaise is a stately dance in three which imitates a Polish style. Dotted rhythms are used frequently here, and the musical material of the Polonaise is heard in an embellished form in the Double which follows.
Minuet - this is another dance in 3, with two main thematic sections.
Badinerie – the famous badinerie is a lively closing movement which allows the solo flute player to have some virtuosic display.
This arrangement for flute ensemble remains as faithful as possible to the original score, for example by retaining the original keys and spacing between the parts.